What is Venous Reflux Disease?

Healthy leg veins contain valves that open and close to assist the return of blood back to the heart. Venous reflux disease develops when the valves that keep blood flowing out of the legs and back to the heart become damaged or diseased. As a result, vein values will not close properly, leading to symptoms of:

  • Varicose veins
  • Leg heaviness and fatigue
  • Pain
  • Skin changes and skin ulcers
  • Swollen limbs

Superficial venous reflux disease is progressive. Symptoms will worsen over time if left untreated.

Are you at risk of developing Venous Reflux Disease?

Many factors contribute to the presence of venous reflux disease, including:

  • Age
  • Multiple Pregnancies
  • Gender
  • Obesity
  • Family History
  • Professions that require long periods of time on your feet

Using ultrasound to scan your leg(s), your physician will determine if superficial venous reflux is present.

Speak with your physician about determining your candidacy for the VNUS Closure procedure.

What is VNUS Closure?

The Closure procedure is performed on an outpatient basis. Using ultrasound, your physician will position the Closure Catheter into the diseased vein, through a small opening in the skin. The tiny catheter delivers radio frequency (RF) energy to the vein wall. As the RF energy is delivered and the catheter is withdrawn, the vein wall is heated causing the collagen in the wall to shrink and the vein to close. Once the diseased vein is closed, blood is re-routed to the other healthy veins. Following the procedure, a simple bandage is placed over the insertion site, and additional compression may be provided to aid healing. Your doctor may ask you to walk, and to refrain from extended standing and strenuous activities for a period of time. Patients who undergo the Closure procedure typically resume normal activities within a day.

What are varicose veins?

Varicose veins are veins that have become enlarged. They are most commonly found on the legs. Veins have leaflet valves to prevent blood from flowing backwards. Leg muscles pump the blood back to the heart, against the effects of gravity. When the veins become varicose the values no longer work correctly. This allows blood to flow backwards and then enlarge the veins more. Beside the looks of these veins they are not often painful. Varicose veins are more common in women then men.

Common causes of varicose veins:

  • Heredity
  • Pregnancy
  • Obesity
  • Menopause
  • Aging
  • Prolonged Standing
  • Leg Injury

What are spider veins?

Spider veins are small dilated blood vessels near the surface of the skin. They can develop anywhere on the body but are most commonly seen on the face, cheeks, chin and legs.

The primary causes of spider veins are:

  • Heredity
  • Pregnancy
  • Prolonged sitting or standing
  • Sun Exposure
  • Chronic constipation
  • Certain medications
  • Birth Control
  • Weight Gain

Adjunctive Treatments:

To achieve good cosmetic outcome, our physicians choose to provide adjudicative treatments(s) either at the same time or following the Closure procedure. To address visible varicosities, ambulatory phlebectomy may be performed. To treat purple or red “spider veins,” our physician may perform sclerotherapy. Though these procedures, diseased and noticeable veins are removed or collapsed, to improve the cosmetic appearance of your legs. Superficial venous reflux disease is progressive. Symptoms will worsen over time if left untreated.

Visual Results:

The Closure procedure results in good cosmetic outcome with minimal to no scaring, bruising, or swelling.